Boiler Feed Water Treatment System

Modern boiler room equipment- high power boiler burner

A boiler feed water treatment system is a system built up of various separate technologies that address your specific boiler feed water treatment responsibility.

Evaluate boiler feed water is necessary for both high- and low-pressure boilers. Ensuring the correct treatment is implemented before problems such as fouling, scaling, and corrosion occur, will go a long way in ward off costly replacements/upgrades down the line.

An efficient and well-designed boiler feed water treatment system has following properties.

  1. Efficiently treat boiler feed water and remove harmful impurities prior to infiltrate the boiler
  2. Improve internal boiler chemistry control
  3. Expand use of steam condensate
  4. Control return-line corrosion
  5. Avoid plant downtime and boiler failure
  6. Continue equipment service life

Configuration of a boiler feed water treatment system

As specified above, the accurate components of a boiler feed water treatment system depend on the quality of water being harassed from in affiliation to the quality of water makeup needed for the specific boiler,according to the manufacturer’s recommendations, but in general.

A basic boiler feed water treatment system typically includes the following processes.

  • Filtration and ultra-filtration
  • Ion exchange/softening
  • Membrane processes such as reverse osmosis and nano-filtration
  • DE aeration/declassification
  • Coagulation/chemical precipitation

Depending on the impurities present in your water, any combination of these treatments might best suit your facility and make up your treatment system, and depending on the needs of your plant and process, these standard components are usually acceptable. 

Boiler feed water treatment system

A boiler feed water treatment system perchance made up of the technologies necessary to remove ambiguous dissolved solids, suspended solids, and organic material, including any number of the following:

Iron

either soluble or difficult, iron can deposit on boiler parts and tubes, damage next equipment, and affect the quality of certain manufacturing processes

Copper

can element deposits to settle in high-pressure turbines, decreasing their efficiency and requiring costly cleaning or equipment change-outs

Silica

if not removed to low levels, especially in high-pressure boilers, silica can cause extremely hard scaling

Calcium

can element scaling in several forms depending on the chemistry of the boiler feed water. calcium silicate, calcium phosphate, etc.

Magnesium

if combined with phosphate, magnesium can stick to the interior of the boiler and coat tubes, attracting more solids and contributing to scale

Aluminum

deposits as scale on the boiler interior and can react with silica to increase the possibility of scaling

Hardness

also causes deposits and scale on boiler parts and piping

Dissolved gasses

chemical reactions due to the presence of dissolved gases such as oxygen and carbon dioxide can cause severe corrosion on boiler pipes and parts

Coagulation and chemical precipitation

After all the large objects are removed from the standard water source, various chemicals are added to a attitude tank to remove the bulk suspended solids and other various impurity. This process influence with an assortment of mixing activator, typically one or two activator that add specific chemicals to take out all the finer particles in the water by connecting authority into bulky particles that settle out. The most extensively used condense are aluminum-based such as alum and poly-aluminum chloride.

Filtration and ultra filtration

The next step is generally running through some type of filtration to remove any dangling particles such as waste, turbidity, and certain types of organic element.

Water Distribution

After the boiler feed water has been sufficiently purified according to the boiler manufacturer’s recommendation and other industry-wide regulations, the water is fed to the boiler where it is heated and used to generate steam. 

About Zaighum Shah 57 Articles
Zaighum Shah is a mechanical engineer having more than 20 years of experience. Zaighum is specializing in product development in Sugar Mill industries. Zaighum has gone through all phases of mechanical engineering and it’s practical implementation. Zaighum has been solving most complex problems, designing new systems and improving existing models and systems.

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